Today, one of the main directions of the country’s development is the development of medical equipment and materials for medical purposes, which requires the involvement of highly educated specialists with knowledge and skills in biology, medicine, medical technology, medical electronics, materials science. Medical facilities are users of a large number of medical equipment, including diagnostic, laboratory, hospital, narcosis-respiratory, X-ray and radiological, physiotherapy, washing and sterilizing equipment, rehabilitation equipment and others. In addition, there is an intensive development of health informatization in Ukraine, which also requires an appropriate status of engineering personnel. There are areas in the medical institutions of the Ukrainian health care system with indeterminate specialists, which are sometimes involved in highly responsible medical and diagnostic procedures using sophisticated medical equipment and aggressive technologies (artificial circulation devices, programming artificial heart rate drivers, artificial heart, and artificial heart). etc.). Abroad are biomedical engineers who fill the space associated with the operation of sophisticated medical equipment in the health care system, as doctors do not have adequate training.
Biomedical engineering is biomedical equipment and technologies, biometrics, bioelectrics, medical electronics and monitoring, receiving and processing biosignals and medical images, biomaterials and biocompatibility, service and technologies of medical technology, biomechanics, telemedicine, modeling, simulation and design, computer graphics, medical informatics, cell and tissue engineering, laboratory and analytical equipment, aspects of medical legalization (certification) uktsiyi.
According to the international standard, education in the specialty “Biomedical Engineering” covers several areas:
biomedical engineering (mainly research, development, production and materials science),
clinical or medical engineering (certification, operation and service),
medical physics (radiation control and radiation protection),
biomedical cybernetics and telemedicine (healthcare information space),
medical biotechnologies (genetic, cellular, tissue engineering, organ cultivation).
Biomedical engineer – employee in the field of development, construction, production, operation, repair, maintenance, examination and certification, assessment of compliance with technical regulations, standards of biosecurity and biosafety of biological and medical technology, biomedical products and biomaterials of medical materials, medical materials biological and medical technologies, as well as related software and information technology for biology, medicine and medical instrumentation.
Biomedical engineers are distinguished by the fact that their engineering education is integrated with biological and medical from the outset.